The Sri Lankan civil war simmers on
The Civil War in Sri Lanka is an example of where the "international community" can do everything multilateral and right against a declared terrorist organization and still not make any headway. Today, the Tamil Tigers (LTTE) killed more than 100 Sri Lankan sailors in a VBIED attack on a bus depot. Attempts by the Sri Lankan Air Force to retaliate fizzled when its attack aircraft crashed on takeoff and the pilot ejected safely into a nearby lagoon.
Sri Lanka has suffered its worst ever suicide attack when suspected Tamil Tiger rebels detonated a truck packed with explosives next to a convoy of sailors, killing at least 102 people and wounding 150 more. ... The bombing occurred about 170 kilometres (105 miles) northeast of Colombo at a transit point for security personnel coming to and from the front line of the drawn-out conflict in the restive northeastern district of Trincomalee. "Suicide bombers drove a truck packed with explosives into the area where there were about 15 buses," a police official in nearby Sigiriya town told AFP by telephone. "We have two helicopters to evacuate the wounded". ...
The military moved to carry out retaliatory air strikes against the Tigers, but an Israeli-built Kfir war plane crashed shortly after take off from a military base here, officials said. They said the aircraft crashed into the Negombo lagoon, but the pilot ejected to safety and was rescued by helicopters.
Wikipedia notes that "The LTTE has been blamed for forcibly removing (or "ethnically cleansing") Sinhalese and Muslim inhabitants from areas under its control, including the use of violence against those who refuse to leave. Most notably, the LTTE forcibly expelled the entire Muslim population of Jaffna on two hours notice in 1990. The LTTE are also accused of organising massacres of Sinhala villagers who settled in the Northeast under the dry lands policy"
Less than a month ago, the Tigers engaged in their latest round of population expulsions. "Hundreds of Muslim families are fleeing their homes in eastern Sri Lanka amid fears of a Tamil Tiger rebel assault to reclaim territory taken by government forces in recent fighting, a local government leader said Saturday. The chairman of the government in the coastal town of Mutur, who goes by the single name Thoufeek, said 700 to 800 families - about 10 percent of the population - left on Friday and Saturday after the Tamil Tiger separatists warned that they were planning an offensive."
Unlike other militant groups, the Tigers are said to receive funding support, not from states sponsors, but from expatriate Tamils in Western countries, despite having been declared a terrorist group by India (since 1992), United States of America, Malaysia, United Kingdom, Canada and the European Union. In exchange for proscribing the Tigers, international diplomats have encouraged the Sri Lankan government to negotiate with the rebels and have provided large amounts of relief money over which both sides have squabbled, ironically triggering more clashes. The Norwegian government has deployed a mediating force to monitor a ceasefire that has since collapsed. Now things look as grim as they ever did.
The difficulty experienced by the international community in finding a solution to a civil war on a relatively small island between rebels who have no significant state support and the Sri Lankan government shows how ineffective traditional policy are in fixing problems like this. Other than waiting for conflicts like this to burn out or resolve themselves on the battlefield there seems little the "international community" can directly do the affect the course of events.